#### Abstract

---

#### Keywords

#### References

- Abbasi, M., Samadzadeh, M., & Shahbazzadegan, B. (2013). Study of mathematics anxiety in high school students and it’s relationship with self-esteem and teachers’ personality characteristics.
*Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 83,*672–677. - Ashcraft, M. H. (2002). Math anxiety : Personal, educational, and cognitive consequences.
*Current Directions in Psychological Science*,*11*(5), 181–185. - Ashcraft, M. H., & Moore, A. M. (2009). Mathemtics anxiety and the affective drop in performance.
*Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment*,*27*(3), 197–205. - Baloğlu, M., & Balgalmiş, E. (2010). The adaptation of the mathematics anxiety rating scale-elementary form into Turkish, language validity, and preliminary psychometric investigation.
*Kuram ve Uygulamada Eğitim Bilimleri / Educational Sciences: Theory & Practice*,*10*(1), 101–110. - Beilock, S. L., & Maloney, E. A. (2015). Math anxiety: A factor in math achievement not to be ignored.
*Policy Insights from the Behavioral and Brain Sciences*,*2*(1), 4–15. - Chang, H., & Beilock, S. L. (2012). The math anxiety-math performance link and its relation to individual and environmental factors: A review of current behavioral and psychophysiological research.
*Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences*,*10*(1), 33–38. - Cipora, K., Szczygieł, M., Willmes, K., & Nuerk, H. (2015). Math anxiety assessment with the abbreviated math anxiety scale : Applicability and usefulness : Insights from the Polish adaptation.
*Frontiers in Psychology*,*6*(1), 1–16. Retrieved from http://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01833 - Derek, R. H., Mahadevan, R., Bare, R. L., & Hunt, M. K. (2003). The abbreviated math anxiety scale ( AMAS ): Construction, validity, and reliability.
*Assessment,**10*(2), 178–182. - Field, A. P. (2009).
*Discovering Statistics Using SPSS*(3^{rd}ed., Vol. 8057). London, England: SAGE Publication Ltd. - Heydari, H., Abdi, M., & Rostami, M. (2013). The survey of relationship between the degree of mathematics anxiety in high school students and the personality characteristics of their mathematics teachers.
*Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 84,*1133–1137. - Jansen, H. (2010). The logic of qualitative survey research and its position in the field of social research methods.
*Qualitative Social Research*,*11*(2), 1–43. - Joseph, Y. K. K. (2005). Anxiety and performance on mathematical problem solving of secondary two students in Singapore.
*The Mathematics Educator*,*8*(2), 71–83. - Karimi, A., & Venkatesan, S. (2009). Mathematics anxiety , mathematics performance and academic hardiness in high school students.
*International Journal of Educational Sciences*,*1*(1), 33–37. - Keshavarzi, A., & Ahmadi, S. (2013). A comparison of mathematics anxiety among students by gender.
*Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 83*, 542–546. - Krejcie, R. V, & Morgan, D. W. (1970). Determing sample size for research activities.
*Educational and Psychological Measurement*,*38*(1), 607–610. - Lim, E., & Seng, K. (2015). The influence of pre-university students ’ mathematics test anxiety and numerical anxiety on mathematics achievement.
*International Education Studies*,*8*(11), 162–168. - Lyons, I. M., & Beilock, S. L. (2011).
*Mathematics anxiety**: Separating the math from the anxiety*.*Cerebral Cortex*, 22(9), 2102-2110. - Mahmood, S., & Khatoon, T. (2011). Development and validation of the mathematics anxiety scale for secondary and senior secondary school students.
*British Journal of Arts and Social Sciences*,*2*(2), 169–179. - Mutodi, P., & Ngirande, H. (2014). Exploring mathematics anxiety : Mathematics students ’ experiences.
*Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences*,*5*(1), 283–294. - Plake, B. S., & Parker, C. S. (1982). The development and validation of a revised version of the mathematics anxiety rating scale.
*Educational and Psychological Measurement*,*42*(2), 551–557. - Pourmoslemi, A., Erfani, N., & Firoozfar, I. (2013). Mathematics anxiety , mathematics performance and gender differences among undergraduate students.
*International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications*,*3*(7), 3–8. - Ramirez, G., Gunderson, E. A., Levine, S. C., & Beilock, S. L. (2013). Math anxiety , working memory, and math achievement in early elementary school.
*Journal of Cognition and Development*,*14*(2), 187–202. - Richardson, F., & Suinn, R. M. (1972). The mathematics anxiety rating scale.
*Journal of Counseling Psychology*,*19*(6), 1972. - Rubinsten, O., & Tannock, R. (2010). Mathematics anxiety in children with developmental dyscalculia.
*Rubinsten and Tannock Behavioral and Brain Functions*,*6*(46), 1–13. - Seyed, M. N., Mohammad, J. Y. V., & Habibollah, R. (2014). Brief report: Psychometric properties of bi-dimensional mathematics anxiety scale in Iranian adolescents.
*MAGNT Research Report*,*2*(3), 136–143. - Sherman, B. F., & Wither, D. P. (2003). Mathematics anxiety and mathematics achievement.
*Mathematics Education Research Journal*,*15*(2), 138–150. - Siebers, W. M. (2015).
*The relationship between math anxiety and student achievement of middle school students*(Doctoral Dissertation). Colorado State University. - Vahedi, S., & Farrokhi, F. (2011). A confirmatory factor analysis of the structure of abbreviated math anxiety scale.
*Iran Journal of Psychiatry*,*6*(1), 47–53. - Vukovic, R. K., Kieffer, M. J., Bailey, S. P., & Harari, R. R. (2013). Mathematics anxiety in young children: Concurrent and longitudinal associations with mathematical performance.
*Contemporary Educational Psychology*,*38*(1), 1–10. - Wigfield, A., & Meece, J. L. (1988). Math anxiety in elementary and secondary school students.
*Journal of Educational Psychology*,*80*(2), 210–216. - Wood, G., Pinheiro-chagas, P., Julio-Costa, A., Rettore-Micheli, L., Krinzinger, H., Kaufmann, L., Willmes, K., & Haase, V. G. (2012). Math anxiety questionnaire: Similar latent structure in Brazilian and German school children.
*Child Development Research*,*1*(1), 1–11. - Zakaria, E., & Nordin, N. M. (2008). The effects of mathematics anxiety on matriculation students as related to motivation and achievement.
*Eurasia Journal of Mathematics, Science & Technology Education*,*4*(1), 27–30.

#### License

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

#### Article Info

**Article Type:** Research Article

Journal of Pedagogical Research, 2018 - Volume 2 Issue 2, pp. 135-144

**Published Online: ** 04 Aug 2018

**Views: ** 862 | **Downloads: ** 1652

Open Access

How to cite this article